904L Stainless Steel Supplier in China
904L stainless steel contains iron, nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. It also contains manganese and copper in small amounts.
904L stainless steel contains around 19-23% chromium and 23-28% nickel. These percentages are much higher than other steel grades like 304 and 316, making this alloy much more corrosion-resistant in aggressive environments.
The ‘L’ in the name indicates low carbon content. This makes 904L an easily weldable grade of steel.
This stainless steel also contains 1-2% copper, making it stand out. The presence of copper in 904L makes it resistant to reducing acids. It also contains 4-5% molybdenum, further improving its corrosion resistance.
904L Stainless Steel Chemical Analysis
|Nickel||23.0 min. to 28.0 max.|
|Chromium||19.0 min. To 23.0 max.|
|Molybdenum||4.0 min. To 5.0 max.|
|Copper||1.0 min. To 2.0 max.|
TuoLian 904L Stainless Steel Technical Data
|Thermal Conductivity||11.5||W.m -1.°K-1|
|Specific Heat (0-100°C)||450||J.kg-1.°K-1|
|Tensile Rm||490||MPa (min)|
|Tensile Rm||71||ksi (min)|
|Elongation (2” or 4D gl)||35||% (min)|
|R.p. 0.2% Yield||220||MPa (min)|
|R.p. 0.2% Yield||32||ksi (min)|
Yes, just send us your needed size for 904L stainless steel and we will make it done immediately.
Definitely yes, we are offering affordable full customization for 904L stainless steel. We are pleased to receive all your inquiries.
The answer is yes. Our 904L stainless steel is being refinish finely. We ensure that the surface 904L stainless steel is nicely done.
How Is 904L Stainless Steel Manufactured?
904L steel is austenitic in nature. So, you must heat your steel until you reach a temperature of single-phase austenite. After reaching this temperature, you rapidly cool your steel in water or an oil bath. This stops the austenitic steel from transforming into another type of steel.
You can start manufacturing the steel by melting the metals in an electric arc furnace, induction furnace, or other suitable furnaces. Then, you perform the following steps:
- You must melt metals such as iron, nickel, chromium, and others in an electric arc or induction furnace.
- After melting, you must use argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) or vacuum oxygen decarburization (VOD) to remove impurities from the melt.
- You will then cast your refined steel and form ingots or slabs.
- You can use hot rolling to roll your ingots or slabs into bars or plates if required.
- After hot rolling, you must anneal your bars or plates. This is done at high temperatures to remove any inbuilt stresses from the products, improving your material’s toughness and flexibility.
- You can now perform cold rolling to get products of different thicknesses and surface finishes.
- Lastly, you can shape or cut your stainless steel products for different applications.
Properties of 904L Stainless Steel
Austenitic steels have a face-centered cubic structure. This structure provides these steels with good ductility and toughness.
904L stainless steel has a range of properties, making it suitable for many different applications. These properties include the following:.
1. Corrosion Resistance
This particular grade of austenitic stainless steel shows excellent corrosion resistance in highly corrosive environments. For instance, 904L stainless steel shows high corrosion resistance in highly acidic environments, such as sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, and chloride-containing solutions.
2. High Strength
904L stainless steel has a high tensile strength of 530-570 MPa and a hardness of 70-90 on the Rockwell hardness scale.
This grade’s stable austenitic structure makes it more resistant to fracturing or breaking. The high chromium and nickel content also gives this steel grade good mechanical properties.
3. Good Weldability and Formability
You can weld 904L stainless steel easily compared to other steels, which makes manufacturing easier. 904L stainless steel has good ductility, so you can bend the steel into different shapes using different forming methods.
4. High Heat Resistance
This steel grade shows high heat resistance. This means you can heat treat 904L stainless steel easily, and it won’t lose its properties or get damaged. This property also makes this steel suitable for high-temperature applications.
5. Low Magnetic Permeability
904L stainless steel has low magnetic permeability. Steels with low magnetic permeability do not easily align with a magnetic field. So, you can use 904L in applications where you don’t want magnetic interference.
Uses of 904L Stainless Steel
Since 904L stainless steel has many different properties, you can use this steel in different industries. Uses of 904L stainless steel include:.
1. Pipelines in Oil and Gas Industries
904L stainless steel is used for making pipelines and other structures in oil and gas plants. This is because of the steel’s excellent corrosion resistance. It has good weldability, so it is easier to manufacture different components of varying complexities in the plant.
2. Chemical Processing Equipment
Highly corrosive substances like sulfuric and phosphoric acid pass through chemical processing equipment. 904L shows excellent corrosion resistance in these environments. So, this steel grade is suitable for making chemical processing equipment.
3. Pharmaceutical Equipment
904L stainless steel can be easily cleaned and sterilized while showing high corrosion resistance. These properties make this steel suitable for making pharmaceutical equipment. You can also use it in MRI machines because of its low magnetic permeability.
4. Pulp and Paper Industry
904L stainless steel is used in the pulp and paper industry because it shows high corrosion resistance to sulfuric acid and chloride compounds. These compounds are present in high quantities in the pulp and paper industry. Since 904L stainless steel also has good weldability, you can use this steel grade to make equipment such as tanks and pumps the industry requires.
5. Heat Exchangers
904L stainless steel shows high heat and corrosion resistance, making it suitable for constructing heat exchangers. The steel also has high strength and good weldability, making it suitable for various other high-temperature applications.
6. Marine Industry
904L stainless steel is used in the marine industry as it has high corrosion resistance, especially in seawater. An extra advantage of this steel is its low magnetic permeability, allowing you to prevent magnetic interference.
Limitations of 904L Stainless Steel
Even with its excellent properties, there are some disadvantages to using 904L stainless steel. These include:
1. Special Techniques for Welding
Even though welding 904L stainless steel is possible, you require special techniques to weld this steel while preventing cracking. These techniques include manual arc and tungsten-argon arc melting, which are more costly.
2. Difficult to Machine
As 904L stainless steel is tough and has high hardness, it is more difficult to machine. There is a high chance of stress building in the steel which can cause cracking. Cracking makes it challenging to achieve the desired shape or dimension of the steel.
3. High Cost and Low Availability
904L stainless steels are more costly because of the addition of alloying elements such as chromium, molybdenum, copper, and nickel. It is also not widely available in the market, so it is difficult to source.
4. Weak Magnetic Properties
Although weak magnetic properties can be disadvantageous, For applications requiring strong magnetic properties, 904L stainless steel will not be suitable even though it has other good properties.
904L stainless steel is an austenitic steel with good properties. This steel grade contains high amounts of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. All these additions give it excellent corrosion resistance in highly acidic environments.
904L is used in different industries, including oil and gas, pharmaceutical, pulp, and paper. It is also used to make equipment for high-temperature applications such as heat exchangers. You can also use it for making chemical processing equipment because it shows high corrosion resistance in highly acidic environments.
Consider 904L stainless steel if you require high corrosion resistance, hardness, and strength. This steel is also a good choice for applications requiring less magnetic interference.
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